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Understanding the World

People and communities

Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.

They know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this.

They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities, and traditions.

The world

Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials, and living things.

They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.

They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.


Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools.

They select and use technology for particular purposes.